Maximo Caminero, 51, has been charged with criminal mischief after breaking a $1m (£600,000) vase by artist Ai Weiwei, the BBC reports.
Police say Mr Caminero told them he broke the art work in protest at the Perez Art Museum Miami's failure to exhibit work by local artists. The museum is holding an exhibition of the dissident Chinese artist, Ai Weiwei: According to What?, through 16 March, which includes his work Dropping a Han Dynasty Urn, showing Mr Ai smashing an ancient Chinese vase.
Mr Ai has said that the work he destroys is owned by him, and that he does not support artists destroying other artists' work. He also pointed out that because of his political status he is unable to show his work in China.