Bernard Arnault

Collector and patron of art and founder of the Fondation Louis Vuitton

Only four years after Arnault opened the Fondation Louis Vuitton in Paris, it has become known for ambitious blockbuster shows that outpace the records for visitor numbers to the French capital’s more established museums. Last autumn the CEO of the LVMH group, and Europe’s richest man, convinced New York’s MoMA to lend over 200 masterpieces (by Paul Cézanne, Marcel Duchamp and Yvonne Rainer, among others) for a show that attracted over 750,000 visitors, and the current twin retrospectives of twentieth-century (albeit from opposite ends) enfants terribles Jean-Michel Basquiat and Egon Schiele, will likely prove popular too. Footfall is a bit quieter at Arnault’s other art spaces, one suspects, although their more contemporary programmes lend something of an edge to the foundation’s otherwise art-historical focus, this year staging solo shows by artists including Sophie Calle, Philippe Parreno and Ian Cheng across the Munich, Beijing and Venice spaces, respectively.